There are some common medical tests that the law on examination and treatment Vietnam provides for. The first one is blood drawing for blood count and general health examination. This is required when the patient is suspected of certain diseases and should be regularly done by a qualified medical professional. The next one is an oral examination where the patient is required to take a sample of his/her saliva to determine his/her HIV status. Next is drug assessment where a health expert will diagnose the drug problems in the patient and prescribe the best treatment.
Other important provisions of the law on medical examination and treatment Vietnam include protection against the use of anesthesia in hospitals. It also requires hospitals to provide suitable medicines to the patients taking care of them. Usually, medicines like anti-inflammatory and pain relievers are prescribed. The same procedure is followed by taking vitamin therapy when there is a deficiency in the vitamins due to old age or chronic disease. Food intake is also regulated. This is to prevent people from overdosing on food.
The procedures are generally carried out by the local provincial health board. A local anesthesia procedure is the one where the general anesthetic is given through IV lines. During the procedure, the patient will be kept awake and alert. He/she will be advised of the next procedure to be carried out on him/her according to the current situation. It also involves a number of procedures that are generally repeated until the patient is sent home.
A patient who does not have any clear diagnosis in the first place and who has been given medication by friends or family, does not have legal protection under the law. The patient and his/her friends may not know about the exact ailment. They might think that they are taking proper medication for some other disease. They do not have the right to ask for a second opinion for this reason. According to the law on medical care and treatment, they have the right to take independent decisions about their health. However, they cannot take the decisions for themselves medically, nor can they impose on others to take these decisions for them.
Another important provision of the law on medical examination and treatment Vietnam is that a person who undergoes a test shall have to submit to a medical examination. If the examination shows that a person is mentally unfit to take further action, a hospitalization or outpatient admission may be compulsory under the law. This happens in the case where the person does not have the mental capacity to make decisions. It also applies in the case where a person is not competent enough to take the decisions regarding his/her own body. This is to ensure the safety of the general public and prevent people from self-medicating even when they do not need to do so.
Before a person can be declared fit to take further independent action, he/she must be examined by a doctor who is responsible for his/her safety. The doctor shall conduct a medical examination and take records of it to the Ministry of Health. At this stage, a person is said to be mentally competent if he/she is able to make informed decisions. This is one of the most important provisions of the law on medical care and treatment in Vietnam.
A person who has been evaluated as mentally incapacitated may not be allowed to take active participation in the treatment plan. He/she shall be provided with an escort who shall help him/her take the necessary action. This escort shall also be designated by the law and related ministries. This provision is intended to help the patient and ensure the protection of health care workers who are working in conflict zones. In case of patients who suffer from any serious medical condition or disease that may result in their inability to take independent action, a patient and his family must seek urgent medical attention before his/her condition deteriorates any further.